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52361-2005

 

 

 

 

Analytical control of the object. Terms and definitions

 

52361-2005

 

 

27 2002 . N 184- " ", - 1.0-2004 " . ".

 

 

1. () "".

2. 325 " ".

3. 14 2005 . N 192-.

4. 27.12.2002 N 184- " " ; () , - (. 11).

5. .

 

- 1 2006

 

" ", - " ". () " ". , - .

 

 

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.

- "".

, .

, , .

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, , , , . , .

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, - , - .

 

1.

 

.

, , , () .

 

2.

 

 

1.   ():            analytical control
   ,             of the object
 ,   
    
   
  
   
    .
    1.             
,  ,   ..
    2.            :    
   ,  ,  ,
 ,  ,     ,    
 ,    .
 
2.   (               analytical works
   ):
,   
  ,   ,
     
  
     -          :
   ,  ,  
 ,   ,        
     .
 
3.  :        analytical
   ,      laboratory
    
   
 
4.   
():  
    
  
     -        
            :
    ,         ,   
  ,    ,     
,    ..
 
5.    
[, ]  []
(  ): 
   
 ,  
/   [] 
 ,  
   ,  
,   
     - ,         
  , :   ,
,    ,     ,
,    ,        ,
     ..
 
6.    ( 
 ): 
    
 /  
    ,
    
 
       
 
7.    [] (    sampling
 ) (<. >):
   [] 
    
    
,  / 
 
8.   [] (          sample
 ):
  [] 
 ,  
, /   ,
/  ,  
 , / , /
    .
    1.        
: ,  (, ), , 
 ..
    2.             
    :  ,   ,   ,
, , ,   .
    3.         :
, , ,   .
 
9.                 representative
[] (              sample
):   [],
   , /
, /  
   ,
   
 
10.               sampling error
[] ( 
):   ,
 , , 
  [],   
 ,  ,
,   
  
     -         
: ,     
;           ;
,    ,  /  ,
/         .
 
11.          uncertainty of
[] (              sampling
):  
,  
   [] 
 
 
12.    []       sample preparation
(  ) (<.
>):  ,
     
[]    
  , / , /
     -      
    -   .
 
13.  :            sample weight
    ,
   
 
     -           
      .
 
14. :   ,       aliquot quantity
   
,    
 
        
 
15.    []      chemical analysis
(  ):              [assay]
   
 []  
    .
    1.      :  
,           ,             ,
-,  ..   ,  
,    .
    2.        
   [].
 
16.    []      chemical
(  ):              composition
 ,   
 []  
     -          ,
 ,  ,  ,    ,
,  ,   ,  ..
 
17. : ,                analyte
     
  
 
18.    []    qualitative
(  ):              analysis
  
     
 []  
     
 
19.                 quantitative
[] (              analysis
):  
     
 []  
     -          
    .
 
20.    []
(  ): 
  ,   
   [] 
 
 
21.    []          method of analysis
(  ):        [analytical
           technique]
 []  
     
   []
     -         :
,        ,        ,
-,                      ,
,   ,   ,
-, -,  ,
,       ,         ,
,    .
 
22.    []       method of analysis
(  ):              [analytical
          procedure,
,            analytical
              protocol]
[]    
  
 ,   
  -  
     -          
        []  
 .
 
23.  :           single
   ,    determination
   
    
 
24.  :     multiple
,                determinations
 
25.  : ,     analytical signal
   ,           [response]
    
     
    
 
26.  : ,   analytical
                equipment
[]   
 
27.        calibration
[] ( 
):  
   
  [] 
 
 
28.  :              calibration
         function
   ,  
 ,   
     -         
  :   ;
 ;  .
 
29.   (<.     calibration sample
>):    
 ,   
     
  
     -     
    .
 
30.   (<.          reference material
>):    
 , 
     
  , 
    ,
    
    
    .
    1.   ,   
  ,         
   ,      
  .
    2.  " "     ,
          .    
  ,   -     
    ,  .
 
31.  :           blank experiment
    
   
    
 
32.    []         blank (sample)
(  ): 
 []  
,   , 
  
 
33.   : 
,    
,    
    
 
     -          
              
    .
 
34.  (         sensitivity
):   
   
 
     -           
            
 .
 
35.   ():     limit of detection
 ,     
     
    
   
     -        
,                   
    ,              ,
   .
 
36.   ():     limit of
 ,             determination
           [limit of
             quantitation]
   
  
  
 
37.              concentration
():             range
     
  , 
     
   
 
38.  []            upper [lower]
  ():             limit of
 []              concentration
              range
   ,
     
    
 
39.  :       analytical
             identification
   ,
,    
 
40.            matrix
[] ( 
):   
,    
    
  
 
      
 
41.                result of analysis
[] ( 
):    
    
 ,   
   
    .
    1.            
,               
                
  [ , ].
    2.          
,                
  ()        
       ("",  "
", "", " "  ..).
 
42.   
():    
  
    
 , , ,
   
    .
    1.       
     ()  
 (, ) .
    2.  ,     
 ,      ,  
 ,  ,    ..
 
43.  (                 blunder
):    
   
,    
    .
     -         
 .
 
44.    []       protocol [report]
(  ): ,    of analysis
 ()   
    
,    
   
     -          
     (, ,  
 ..).
 
45.                 certificate
[, ]  []
(  ): ,
   [,
]  [] 
 
 
      
 
46.        internal quality
  [] (           control of
 ):           analysis results
,  
   
  
   []
   
     -           
    :      
   ;            ;
  ;   
  ;      
    ;        
    ..
 
47.             validation
 [] ( 
):   
   ,
    []
    
     
     -       
   :       ;    
 ;  ,      
       ,    
 .
 
48.   
  [] (
 ): 
   
  
  [] 
 ,  
 
 
49.                 accredited
:  ,         analytical
          laboratory
   ,
    
 ,    

 

 

                                                     14
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                  15
                                     15
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                                19
                 18
                 19
                 15
                                    15
                                                       17
< >                                        30
                        27
                 27
 
                       27
                27
 
               38
               38
               38
                38
                              37
                       37
                                   39
                                        1
                   46
            46
  
                  46
                  46
   
                                 1
                                     3
                      49
                            40
                     40
 
                           40
                    40
 
                                         21
            21
                                        21
                   21
                                      22
                 22
                                     22
                22
                               4
                        4
                                         13
                          11
                   11
 
                         11
                  11
 
                                    6
              6
                                    26
                                        29
<  >                                    29
                                             30
                                           7
              7
                                          7
             7
                                         23
                                      24
                                                 31
                     47
              47
 
                    47
             47
 
                               10
                        10
 
                              10
                       10
 
                 48
  
              48
                48
  
             48
                                      12
                 12
                                     12
                12
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                                     35
                                            36
                                     36
                                       20
                  20
                                      20
                 20
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                   8
                   9
                   32
                                9
                                        32
                                               8
                  8
                  9
                  32
                               9
                                       32
<>                                                 7
<>                                            12
                                                       43
                           43
                                      44
                 44
                                     44
                44
                                          2
                                41
                         41
 
                               41
                        41
 
                              42
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                                      33
                                    45
               45
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               45
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             45
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            45
             45
                         45
                  45
 
                        45
                 45
 
            45
                                          25
                  16
                                     16
                 16
                                    16
                                 5
            5
                                5
                         5
 
                                 5
            5
                                5
                         5
 
                        5
                 5
 
                       5
                5
 
                                 28
                                             34
                   34

 

 

accreditated analytical laboratory                           49
aliquot quantity                                             14
analyte                                                      17
analytical control of the object                             1
analytical equipment                                         26
analytical identification                                    39
analytical laboratory                                        3
analytical procedure                                         22
analytical protocol                                          22
analytical response                                          25
analytical signal                                            25
analytical technique                                         21
analytical works                                             2
assay                                                        15
blank                                                        32
blank experiment                                             31
blank sample                                                 32
blunder                                                      43
calibration                                                  27
calibration function                                         28
calibration sample                                           29
certificate                                                  45
chemical analysis                                            15
chemical composition                                         16
concentration range                                          37
internal quality control of analysis results                 46
limit of detection                                           35
limit of determination                                       36
limit of quantitation                                        36
lower limit of concentration range                           38
matrix                                                       40
method of analysis                                           21,
                                                             22
multiple determinations                                      24
protocol of analysis                                         44
qualitative analysis                                         18
quantitative analysis                                        19
reference material                                           30
report of analysis                                           44
representative sample                                        9
response                                                     25
result of analysis                                           41
sample                                                       8
sample preparation                                           12
sample weight                                                13
sampling                                                     7
sampling error                                               10
sensitivity                                                  34
single determination                                         23
uncertainty of sampling                                      11
upper limit of concentration range                           38
validation                                                   47

 

52361-2005